Single Blog


If the wealth and power of a person, a business, a state, an army, a country, or an economy are based on lies and corruption, then it is in their best interest to keep the truth from surfacing.

If truth is exposed, then the reset will be devastating to the world we live in.

So say the icons of industry, the world leaders, megalomaniacs, the drug companies, the bent governments, the killing machines of armies…

True. Everything would probably fall apart and most things will fail but really it all has to collapse to the ground for a new clear future, a better belief system, and for the world to rise again with health and justice.

1882 An enemy of the people. Henrik Ibsen.

Act I

Dr. Thomas Stockmann is the medical officer of a recently opened spa in a small town. The play begins with a dinner party hosted by Dr. Stockmann and his wife, Katrine. The dinner guests include Dr. Stockmann’s brother Peter (the mayor) and Hovstad (the editor of the newspaper). Peter asks Stockmann about a rumor that Hovstad is about to print an article the doctor wrote regarding the spa baths. Dr. Stockmann is evasive about the nature of this article, and Peter leaves. Petra, Dr. Stockmann’s daughter, brings in a letter containing lab test results confirming Dr. Stockmann’s suspicions that the spa water is contaminated with bacteria, and Hovstad agrees to print Dr. Stockmann’s article, although revealing the truth may force the baths to shut down, with negative repercussions for the town’s economy). Dr. Stockmann has mixed reactions to these events but ultimately rejoices about preventing harm through the contaminated water.

Act II

The next morning Morten Kiil, Dr. Stockmann’s father-in-law, stops by to congratulate him on what Kiil believes is an elaborate prank, since Kiil thinks the notion that the baths are tainted is too ridiculous to be believed, especially not by the mayor. Hovstad and the printer Aslaksen visit to reinforce their commitment to the doctor and extend their gratitude; the newspaper wants to confront the government of the town and expose its corruption, and this opportunity is a good start.

Peter arrives and tells Dr. Stockmann that if he selfishly proceeds to publish this article, he will be partially culpable for the town’s ruin. Peter urges Dr. Stockmann to think of the bigger picture, retract the article, and solve the problem in a quieter way. Dr. Stockmann refuses; Peter warns of terrible consequences for him and his family.


In the newspaper office, Hovstad and Billing discuss the pros and cons of running Dr. Stockmann’s article. Dr. Stockmann arrives and tells them to print the article, but they begin questioning how valuable it is to expose the government in this way, concluding that printing this article will do more harm than good, because of its likely effect on the town’s economy. Peter Stockmann appears with a statement of his own, intended to reassure the public about the safety of the spa baths, and the newspaper agrees to print it. Desperate, Dr. Stockmann decides that he does not need the paper to print anything and that he can fight this battle on his own. He decides to call a town meeting and spread the information that way. Although Katrine Stockmann realizes that her husband is risking his reputation, but she stands by him.

Act IV

At a town meeting in Captain Horster’s house, Dr. Stockmann is about to read his water report to the townspeople. Billing, the family, the mayor, Aslaksen, and Hovstad are there. Aslaksen, a respected citizen, is elected Chairman of the meeting. Permission for Dr. Stockmann’s being allowed to speak is about to be voted on when he says he has a different subject. He then winds up into a passionate oration about social evolution. He says that new, truthful ideas are always condemned, due to the “colossal stupidity of the authorities” and the small-mindedness of “the compact liberal majority” of the people, who may as well “be exterminated.” The audience feels insulted by these accusations and anger rises. By the end of the meeting the audience has rebelled, repeatedly shouting, “He is an enemy of the people!” Dr. Stockmann tells his father-in-law, Kiil, that it is his tannery that is leaking most of the poisons into the baths. As the crowd is leaving, voices are heard threatening to break Stockmann’s windows.

Act V

By the next morning, Dr. Stockmann’s house, especially his study, has been badly damaged, for the town has turned against the him and his family. The landlord is evicting them from their house; Petra has been fired from her job as a schoolteacher for having progressive opinions; Peter comes to the house with a letter from the board of directors of the baths that terminates his contract along with a resolution from the homeowners’ association stating that no one should hire Dr. Stockmann in this town again.

Dr. Stockmann’s father-in-law, Morton Kiil, arrives to say that he has just bought shares in the Baths with the money that he had intended to leave to his daughter and grandchildren. He expects that will cause his son-in-law to stop his crusade, to ensure that the spa does not go bankrupt and his family will have a secure future. Dr. Stockmann rebuffs Kiil’s threat and also ignores Peter’s advice to leave town for a few months. Katrine tells Dr. Stockmann she is afraid that the people will drive him out of town. But Dr. Stockmann replies that he intends to stay and make them understand “that considerations of expediency turn morality and justice upside down.” He ends by proclaiming himself the strongest man in town because he is able to stand alone.

Ibsen addresses in an engaging manner a number of challenges that remain highly relevant today, such as environmental issues (versus economic interests), professional responsibilities (of experts in policy debates) and, last but not least, the moral dilemmas and tensions involved in whistle blowing.

Comments (0)

Post a Comment

Social Media Auto Publish Powered By :
Call Now Button